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What Is The Largest Desert In California
Death Valley is located in southeastern California in the United States. It is near the dark border between the Great Lakes and the Mojave Desert.
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Death Valley is the lowest, hottest and driest region in North America, known for its extreme heat and dryness. Death Valley was an obstacle for pioneer groups and later became a center for borax abuse; Its harsh environment attracts tourists and scientists today.
Many species of animals live in Death Valley. Most of them are nocturnal. There are rabbits, several species of foxes, coyotes, foxes and bobcats. The largest of the mammals is the wild boar. More than 200 species of birds are known to live or visit the area, with hawks and passerines being particularly resident. Reptiles and scorpions are common, and there are some native fish.
In summer, the floor of Death Valley often exceeds 120°F (49°C). Earth’s average temperature is about 201°F (94°C).
The minimum temperature in Death Valley rarely falls below freezing. The lowest recorded temperature is 15°F (-9°C).
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Most of the rain is blocked by the mountains to the west, so Death Valley is very dry. For 50 years in the 19th century, the average rainfall for Furnace Creek was only 1.66 inches (42.2 mm) and the average was 4.5 inches (114.3 mm).
Death Valley, a rugged formation located in Inyo County, southeastern California, United States, is the lowest, hottest, and driest region in North America. Death Valley is 140 miles (225 km) long, runs roughly north-south, and is 5 to 15 miles (8 to 24 km) wide. The valley is bounded to the west by the Panamint Range and to the east by Black Mountain, Hilleta and the Grapevine Mountains of the Amargosa Valley. It is near the dark border between the Great Lakes and the Mojave Desert.
Geologically, Death Valley is the southwestern part of the Great Basin. It is similar to other building baskets in the area but it differs in its depth. The Great Salt Flats that make up the valley floor are the lowest places in the United States. About 550 square miles (1,425 km) of the valley floor is under the sea. A point in Badwater Basin, 282 feet (86 meters) below sea level, is the lowest in North America. Less than 20 miles (30 kilometers) to the west is 11,049-foot (3,368 meters) Vision Peak, the highest point in the region. Death Valley was an obstacle course for pioneer settler groups (hence its name) and later became a center for borax exploitation; Its harsh environment attracts tourists and scientists today.
Soon after a group of emigrants who had suffered greatly during their passage were baptized in 1849, Death Valley was inhabited except by nearby Native Americans (mostly the Shoshone) and scouts who roamed the the surrounding mountains. The first scientific notice of the valley appears as a brief note published by a California state geologist in 1868. The site was not widely visited until the 1870s, when gold and silver were discovered in the surrounding mountains. around, and until the 1880s, when borax mines were discovered in the valley. Borax production, initially at the Harmony Borax Works (1883-88), produced the famous 20 mule wagon teams that took the product to Mojave, California. There are many ghost towns around the valley, some of which are still ruined. from the end of the 20th century they were created as a result of gold, copper and silver until the beginning of the century. The rise lasted only a few years whenever the mine ran out. For example, Rhyolite, founded in 1904, was a booming gold town of 10,000 people, with a stock exchange, a power plant and an opera house; In 1911 the main mine was closed, and the town was abandoned in 1916.
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The geological history of Death Valley is complex and includes different types of fault activity at different times, in addition to subsidence of the earth’s crust and some volcanic activity. Basically, Death Valley is a part of a graben or stream, which was formed by the collapse of a large mountain between a series of high and high mountains to the east and west. A type of faulting called block faulting, in which most of the movement is vertical, began to form valleys about 30 million years ago. When the parts of the earth submerged them, they formed the main stream of the valley, and other blocks rose, gradually forming the neighboring mountains. When the valley floods, it is filled with dust that comes down from the surrounding rocks. in the middle of the valley, the rock is exposed below 9,000 feet (2,745 meters). The bottom of the valley went and sank.
The bottom of Death Valley is known for being hot and dry. In 1913, the record low for the world and North America was 134°F (57°C), and temperatures often exceeded 120°F (49°C). The hottest summer on record in the valley (1996) was 120°F over 40 days. The average global temperature was about 201°F (94°C). High temperature and low humidity result in high evaporation rates.
The lowest winter temperatures rarely fall below freezing; The lowest temperature is 15°F (-9°C). Most of the rain is along the western mountains, so the valley is very dry. In 50 years of the 20th century, Furnace Creek’s average precipitation was only 1.66 inches (42.2 mm), the annual average precipitation was 4.5 inches (114.3 mm), and two years went by without a precipitation measurement. .
Most of the water in the Great Plains is in salt marshes and surrounding salt flats. The Amargosa River carries water from the desert areas eastward to the southern end of the valley, but most of its drainage is underground. The salt marsh, which squeezes the northern side of the valley, has a short permanent landscape.
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In the past, the water reached many places in Death Valley. During the Pleistocene Wisconsin Ice Age, perhaps about 50,000 years ago, a body of water (Lake Manly) filled the valley to a depth of 600 feet (180 meters). Between 2,000 and 5,000 years ago, a shallow lake filled the bottom of the valley, and its erosion created the present salt marsh. The California desert has many natural features. California’s three deserts – the Mojave Desert, the Colorado Desert, and the Great Basin Desert – have unique characteristics that set them apart from other deserts in the world.
In the California desert, you will find the hottest place in the world, the lowest place in North America, plants and animals, ghost towns and many desert towns. Here is a guide to visiting the California desert.
The Mojave Desert occupies a large part of southeastern California and is a 124,000 km long area that runs through Nevada, Utah and Arizona.
It extends from the Sierra Nevada Mountains to the Colorado Plateau, the Sonoran Desert to the east and the Great Plains to the north.
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Named after the Mojave Native American tribe, this desert offers visitors an abundance of flora and fauna, hiking and national parks.
The Mojave Desert is very hot in the summer, reaching temperatures of 120°F (48°C), while the winter is generally mild.
Deserts generally have an elevation of 3,000 to 6,000 feet (910 to 1,828 m) and a topography that varies between mountains and deserts.
Although the desert is known for its harsh climate that makes life difficult, the Mojave Desert is home to a variety of animals including mammals, birds, and deer.
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Common species found here include: wild boar, mountain lion, kangaroo rat, wild iguana, chuckwalla, king lizard, pink boa constrictor, and Mojave snake.
Many species of plants found in this area are abundant, including the famous Joshua tree, and other plant species of different sizes include creosote bush, britbush, desert bush, white burro , and cactus.
Visitors can experience the beauty of the Mojave Desert and participate in activities such as hiking, biking, horseback riding, and mountain climbing.
The Mojave National Preserve is a vast area of canyons and mountains, mines and old military settlements, volcanic formations, and extensive sand dunes that allow visitors to explore year-round.
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