Which Is The Largest Cold Desert In The World

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Which Is The Largest Cold Desert In The World

Which Is The Largest Cold Desert In The World

This article is largely based on an article in the Encyclopaedia Britannica, eleventh edition, published in 1911. A period should be reviewed to take into account later history or scholarly works (if there are references). When you’re done reviewing, replace this statement with a simple note on this article’s talk page. (April 2022)

Amazing Deserts Around The World You Need To Visit

) (/ˈoʊbi / ); Chinese: 戈壁; Pinyin: gebì) is a vast and cold region of desert and plains located in northern China and southern Mongolia, the sixth largest desert in the world. The desert’s name comes from the Mongolian word gobi, in the Mongolian region all areas with water are called Gobi, in China semi-deserts such as the Gobi are rocky rather than sandy. .

The Gobi is 1,600 km (1,000 mi) north of the solstice and measures 800 km (500 mi) from north to south. The most extensive desert in the west, connecting Lake Bost and Lop Nor (87°-89° east).

The Gobi, in its broadest definition, includes the long desert stretching from the foot of the Pamir Mountains (77° E) to the Great Khingan Mountains on the Manchuria border at 116-118° E; From the roots of Altai, Sayan and Yablonoi mountains

Kunlun and Altin-Tagh in the north and the Qilian Mountains in the south form the northern edge of the Tibetan Plateau.

The Sahara: Earth’s Largest Hot Desert

Between the upper waters of the Songhua (Sungari) and the upper waters of the Liao-ho, a relatively large area to the east of the Greater Khingan Range is considered to belong to traditional use of the Gobi. Some geologists and ecologists prefer to look at the western region of the Gobi region (as defined above): the Tarim Basin in Xinjiang and the edges of the Lop Nor and Hami (Dun) deserts forming a separate independent desert. Taklamakan desert.

The Gobi Desert is generally cold, with occasional snow and ice on the dunes. In addition to being far to the north, it lies on a plain at an altitude of about 910–1,520 meters (2,990–4,990 ft) above sea level, which contributes to low temperatures. The Gobi receives an average annual rainfall of 194 mm (7.6 in). In winter, excess moisture reaches the Gobi as snow is blown in by winds from the Siberian steppes. This wind in the Gobi can reach -40 °C (-40 °F) in winter and 45 °C (113 °F) in summer.

Southern Mongolia recorded a temperature of 32.8 °C (-27.0 °F). In contrast, temperatures soar to 37°C (99°F) in July in Alxa, Mongolia.

Which Is The Largest Cold Desert In The World

The average cold in winter is -21 °C (-6 °F) and the maximum temperature in summer is 27 °C (81 °F). Most of the rain falls in summer.

Katpana Desert: A Desert Wonderland In Pakistan

Although it reaches the southwestern part of the Gobi, the entire region is characterized by severe drought, especially during winter when the Siberian anticyclone is strongest. Due to this monsoon activity, the southern and central parts of the Gobi desert have variable growth. The more northern regions of the Gobi are too cold and dry to support plant growth; This cold, dry air connects with Siberian-Mongolian high pressure cells.

The Gobi Desert has been the source of many important fossils, including the first dinosaur eggs discovered in 1923.

Archaeologists and paleontologists have excavated the Nemegt Basin in the northern part of the Gobi Desert (in Mongolia), characterized by fossils including 100,000-year-old mammals, dinosaur eggs, and prehistoric stone tools.

Despite the harsh conditions, these deserts and surrounding areas are home to many animals, some of which are unique, such as black hare, marble ibex, Bactrian wild camels, Mongolian onager and sandpiper. They are sometimes visited by snow leopards, gobi bears and wolves. There are about 30 species of lizards on the southern border of Mongolia, especially adapted to the climate of the Gobi Desert.

Hot And Cold Deserts Of The World

These shrubs include gray salt marsh sparrow (Salsola sparrow), gray sage, and small grasses such as conifers and sedges. The abundance of shrubs in the desert has decreased due to cattle grazing.

Several large nature reserves have been established in the Gobi, including the Gobi Gurwanzaikhan National Park, the Great Gobi A and the Great Gobi B Sanctuary.

The area is vulnerable to livestock and road-driven vehicles (the effects of human intervention are greater in the eastern Gobi Desert, where rainfall is heavier and can support livestock). In Mongolia, pastures are being destroyed by sheep raised by nomadic herders for cash wool.

Which Is The Largest Cold Desert In The World

Mine was controversial. There is serious opposition in the Mongolian parliament over whether my terms should continue, with some calling for the terms to be reconsidered. In particular, the dispute revolves around whether the deal is fair (it would be better if Rio Tinto had the resources) and whether Rio Tinto would pay sufficient taxes on the mine’s revenue (whether an agreement had been reached for the operation). should be exempted from waste tax).

Deserts Guide For Ks3 Geography Students

The desolation of the Gobi is spreading rapidly through desertification along China’s southern coast for 3,600 km.

Of campus (1,390 square miles) each year. The frequency of dust storms increased between 1996 and 2016, further damaging China’s agricultural economy. But in some areas the evacuation was delayed or reversed.

The northern and eastern boundaries between the desert and the country are constantly changing. It is mainly the weather conditions before the growing season that affect the rate of evaporation and subsequent plant growth.

The expansion of the Gobi is mainly due to local deforestation, overgrazing and water depletion due to human activities and climate change.

Fact Or Fiction: Sahara Is The Largest Desert In The World

China has tried various strategies to slow desert expansion, with some success.

The Three Northern Forest Program (or “Great Wall of China”) is a Chinese government tree-planting program that began in 1978 and is scheduled to continue until 2050. The objective of the program is to promote desertification with poplar and other fast-growing plants. Trees cover about 36.5 million hectares in 551 provinces in 12 provinces in northern China.

Broadly defined, the Gobi can be divided into five distinct arid ecoregions based on differences in climate and topography;

Which Is The Largest Cold Desert In The World

Although there is no great variation in vertical height, the surface is very varied. Ulan Bater (48°00’N 107°00’E / 48,000°N 107.000°E / 48,000; 107.000) small lake Ir-Dubasu-nor (43°45’N 111°50’E . / 43. ) 111,833 ° Between E / 43,750; 111,833) surface is heavily eroded. Flat valleys and broad basins are separated by ridges 150 to 180 m (490 to 590 ft) high; In these groups, ancient rocks such as boulders have been excavated and isolated as rough masses. Depression zones are located between 900 and 1,000 meters (3,000 and 3,300 ft) above sea level. Further south, between the Ir-duthiasu-neck and the Flavian river, comes a region alternating with broad flat plains; the former at 1,000–1,100 m altitude, the latter at 1,070 to 1,200 m (3,510 to 3,940 ft). The slopes of the plains are more or less steep, and sometimes the victims of the plains are loros.

Largest Deserts In The World

Approaching the Hyangani border, the country gradually rises to 1,370 meters (4,490 ft) and Muth to 1,630 meters (5,350 ft). These small lakes often fill depressions, although their water is brackish or brackish. Here too, 320 km (199 mi) south of Ulaanbaatar, streams and abundant grass grow more or less abundantly. The entire center is completely devoid of trees and bushes until the neighboring mountains are reached. Clay and sand are the dominant formations; Water in streams, especially in the north, is usually 2 to 3 meters (6 ft 7 in to 9 ft 10 in) deep. In many parts of the plains, further south, dry valleys or depressions are exposed, with loose beds 5 to 6 m (16 to 20 ft) thick. The western route from Ulan Bator to Kalgan passes through the country with almost the same general character, but falls on mountains, which are not so unevenly distributed, but more precisely, generally from east to west, and from northwest to east to south. East of the sun, west of the east of the sun.

Elevation is high, with plains 1,000 to 1,700 meters (3,300 to 5,600 ft) and ridges 200 to 500 meters (660 to 1,640 ft) high; Although they reach many heights;

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