Which Is The Largest Dam In World

Which Is The Largest Dam In World – Their sheer size and sheer capacity have a humbling effect on anyone who encounters these structures. I often feel like I’m standing in front of a calm, hopeful giant looking at you in all your glory.

“A dam or structure across a stream, river, or waterway to restrict and then control the flow of water.” Dams often range in size from small mounds for agricultural purposes to massive concrete structures commonly used for water supply, hydropower, and irrigation.

Which Is The Largest Dam In World

Which Is The Largest Dam In World

Such structures are important and critical to energy and water management in many communities around the world. Dams are usually built on or near natural flowing water to control water resources for human needs.

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The dams themselves are amazing structures. However, some of them are distinguished by truly outstanding engineering works.

For example, the tallest dam in the world, recognized by the Guinness Book of Records, is the Jinping-1 Dam in Sichuan, China. It is 1,000 feet (305 meters) tall, taller than the Eiffel Tower in Paris.

According to some sources, the smallest dam in the world is Ink Dam on the Colorado River. It is about 97 feet (29.4 meters) high and about 1,550 feet (472 meters) long.

Parker Dam in the Lower Colorado Basin is considered the deepest dam in the world. Constructed of 380,000 cubic yards (290,531 cubic meters) of concrete, the dam is 320 feet (98 m) high and 73% below the original river bed. Only about 85 feet (26 m) of the dam structure is visible.

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So, without further ado, here are some of the most interesting and famous dams in the world. Here you will discover some of the world’s largest and most innovative dams, most of which are used to generate sustainable energy.

Who knows, some of them may be very close to you. This list is not exhaustive and in no particular order.

First on the list of interesting dams should be the Contra Dam, more commonly known as the Verzasca Dam, in Ticino, Switzerland. in 1995 James Bond’s Goldeneye is perhaps one of the most famous lines for its epic opening scene.

Which Is The Largest Dam In World

Contra Dam is a slender concrete arch that is 722 feet (220 m) high and spans 1,247 feet (80 m) at the top. Since the dam design is thin, the volume of concrete required for its construction is reduced, thus reducing construction costs.

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The dam is 292 feet (8 m) wide at the base and narrows to 723 feet (7 meters) at the top. Two drainage devices with a maximum capacity of 1300 cubic meters per second are installed on each side of the structure. Contra Dam also produces electricity through a 105 MW power plant that uses 3×35 MW Francis turbines to produce an average of 234 GWh per year.

Lago di Vogorno Reservoir was created between 1961 and 1965. after the dam was built and now there is a dam. This reservoir has a maximum capacity of 105,000,000 cubic meters of water and an area of ​​400 hectares.

Gordon Dam is a double arched concrete arch located in Tasmania, southwestern Australia. One of the amazing features of the dams is that they are bent both vertically and horizontally to withstand the enormous hydraulic pressure from the 12,359,040 megalitres of water in Lake Gordon, Australia’s largest lake.

Large volumes of water are diverted to an underground power station where three hydro turbines at a height of 600 feet (183 m) can generate up to 432 MW of power. Gordon Power Station supplies approximately 13% of Tasmania’s electricity needs.

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Of the 48 arch dams built in Australia, Gordon Dam is one of nine designed as a double arch dam.

This 305-foot (93-meter) concrete arch dam in California, USA is one of the most impressive dams in the world due to its impressive flow, sometimes infamously called the “Hole of Glory.” The spillway is an uncontrolled 72-foot (22 m) diameter morning glory and is the perimeter of Lake Berryessa, California’s seventh largest man-made lake.

At its peak, the lake can release 48,400 cubic feet of water per second when it rises 15 feet (4.7 m) above the mouth of the wreck. The tail end of the tide is also known as a full tube for skateboarders.

Which Is The Largest Dam In World

Monticello Dam dams the Putah River and can produce 56,806,000 kWh per year using 2×5 MW and 1×1.5 MW turbines.

Biggest Dams In The U.s.

The Hoover Dam is one of the most famous dams in the world, stretching between the American states of Nevada and Arizona. Originally called Boulder Dam, the massive structure is 726 feet (221.4 m) high, 656 feet (200 m) wide at the base, and 46 feet (14 m) wide at the crest.

It is a concrete gravity arch dam built to control floods, supply irrigation water, generate hydroelectric power, store water and create a recreational area. The hydroelectric plant has various turbines, including 1×61.5 MW Francis and 2×2.4 MW Pelton turbines, producing 4.2 TWh of electricity per year.

One of the most compelling preparations for the construction of the Hoover Dam was the diversion of the Colorado River from the site. For this to happen, four subversive tunnels were dug through the canyon walls; two on the Nevada side and two on the Arizona side.

In 1935 On February 1, several years after the Colorado River was diverted, the steel gates were lowered to allow the water to return to its natural flow. For the first time in history, the Colorado River was under human control.

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The reservoir drains the Colorado River, which in turn forms Lake Mead, the largest man-made reservoir in the United States when full.

Known as the world’s largest hydroelectric dam, the Three Gorges Dam stretches 1.4 miles (2.3 km) along the Yangtze River in China’s Hubei Province.

This hydroelectric plant can produce 87 TWh of electricity per year and uses 32×700 MW and 2×50 MW Francis turbines. Its structural profile is designed to be 377 feet (115 m) wide and 131 feet (40 meters) high.

Which Is The Largest Dam In World

In addition to generating electricity, the Three Gorges Dam was built to increase the carrying capacity of the Yangtze River and reduce the possibility of flooding downstream by providing a large reservoir area.

Things You Might Not Know About The Hoover Dam

The most impressive fact about this dam is that when it was built, it flooded an area of ​​156,171 acres (632 square kilometers) with more than 39 trillion kilograms (42 billion tons) of water. This was a large enough amount of water to increase Earth’s moment of inertia and slow the planet’s rotation by about 0.06 microseconds. This in turn made the Earth slightly rounder in the middle and flatter on top, and the pole position shifted by about 0.8 inches (2 cm).

Considered the world’s largest earth-filled dam, the Tarbela Dam in Pakistan impounds the Indus River and is a source of irrigation, flood control and hydroelectric power generation.

To properly divert the Indus, the construction of the dam had to be done in three stages, where large tunnels were built as diversion channels. The main barrier wall is constructed of earth and rock and extends 9,000 feet (2,743 m) from the island to the right side of the river. To the left of the island, the river is surrounded by two concrete relief dams.

Equipped with 10×175 MW and 4×432 MW turbines, the Tarbela reservoir can produce 14.959 billion cubic meters per year. kWh of electricity.

Oberharz Am Brocken, Germany

One of Spain’s tallest structures, the Almendra Dam, also known as the Villarino Dam, is located in the country’s Salamanca province.

This concrete gravity arch dam blocking the Tormes River is part of a hydroelectric system known as the Duero Drops. The Duero Drops system includes five dams in Spain and three more near Portugal.

The flood gate pictured below can disperse water at a rate of 3,039 cubic meters per second.

Which Is The Largest Dam In World

This hydroelectric dam stretches 25,981 feet (7,919 m) across the Brazil-Paraguay border and dams the Parana River.

These Are The Largest Hydroelectric Dams In The World

It outperforms the Three Gorges Dam with an annual average of 89.5 TWh using 20×700 MW Francis turbines. 10 turbines generate power for Paraguay and another 10 supply electricity to Brazil.

Itaipu Dam basically consists of four dams: concrete wing dam, concrete main dam, rock dam and earthen dam.

Amazingly, the massive concrete used to build the dam was properly processed using large refrigeration units with a volume equivalent to 50,000 deep freezers.

Another amazing fact about this dam is that the Quaira Falls, once called the most beautiful water point in the world, were submerged when the Itaipu Reservoir was filled. Quaira Falls is twice as tall and has twice as much water as Niagara Falls.

The Largest Hydroelectric Plants In The World

Located on the Euphrates River,

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