Which Is The Largest River In Africa

Which Is The Largest River In Africa – The Okavango River (formerly Okovango or Okovango), also known as the Cubango River, is a river in southwestern Africa. It is the fourth longest river in South Africa flowing 1,600 km (1,000 mi) in a southeasterly direction. It begins at an elevation of 1,300 meters (4,300 ft) in the sand dunes of Angola. In the south it forms part of the border between Angola and Namibia and flows into Botswana. The Okavango has no outlet to the sea. Instead, it is placed in the Okavango Delta, or Okavango Alluvial Fan, in the Doric Basin of the Kalahari Desert.

In Angola, the upper part of the Quito (a part of the Okavango River) suffers from controlled vegetation, which reduces the flow of water under the sand.

Which Is The Largest River In Africa

Which Is The Largest River In Africa

Before reaching Botswana, the river drops 4 meters in a series of rapids called Popa Falls, known as the low tide of the river during the dry season.

Geographical Features Of Africa By Lisa Oswald

During the rainy season, the floodwaters of the Boteti River are released into the Makgadikgadi pans, creating a vast monsoon landscape where thousands of flamingos congregate every summer.

Part of the river flow fills the Nagami Lake. The Okavango region, famous for its wildlife, includes the Moremi Game Reserve in Botswana.

Each monsoon, Angola receives three times as much rain as Botswana, causing higher-than-normal flooding in the Okavango and turning parts of the desert into a desert, a large wetland.

Although Angola has summer rains in January, it takes a whole month to travel the first 1,000 km of the Okavango River, and four months to cover the many trees and climb the last 250 km. Delta. As a result, flooding occurs during Botswana’s dry winter months between June and August. The delta grows to three times its original size, attracting animals from miles away and creating one of Africa’s most important wildlife habitats.

Sub Saharan Africa

At the peak of the flood year, the seasonal flood reaches 150 km from east to west; One factor contributing to the ever-changing shape of the delta is the flatness of the area. If a cross-section of the divide is taken at its widest point, the change in elevation over this 150 km average is less than 2 m, i.e., the deposition of smasands accounts for a large difference.

In wet years, the river can flow through the Magweggana River (actually the southeastern part of the Okavango Delta) and the Zambezi River which crosses the Kalahari.

The river carries 28,000 tonnes of suspended solids per year and the bed size between the canals is similar.

Which Is The Largest River In Africa

Due to the nature of the Okavango River being overlain by Kalahari sand, most of the sediment carried by the river is fine sand, with silt and silt. River water contains low levels of dissolved solids—about 40 mg/L, mainly silica, calcium, and magnesium bicarbonates—but these dissolved solids constitute the largest proportion of sediment transported to the delta by high river flows. the great

The Congo River, Formerly Also Known As The Zaire River, Is The Second Longest River In Africa, Shorter Only Than The Nile, As Well As The Second Largest River In The World

During the cold period of Earth’s history, part of the Kalahari was a large lake, called Makgadikgadi. Today, the Okavango is one of the largest rivers.

There have been droughts in Namibia and Botswana, and as a result, there are concerns about conflicts over the use of river water. Namibia has built about 300 km of aqueducts and proposed a project to build a 250 km pipeline to divert river water to Namibia to help with drought relief.

However, Botswana uses the Okavango Delta for income and as a source of water. Botswana’s Ministry of Water Resources says 97% of the river has drained away, leaving the country without fresh water.

Namibia claims that it diverts only half of one percent of the river’s flow and has named every water that flows through its territory. To address these issues, in September 1994 Angola, Namibia and Botswana signed an agreement to establish a permanent Okavango River Basin Water Commission, to advise third countries on the best ways to share the Okavango River’s resources. Filled with large and contiguous rivers. These feed systems provide agricultural and biological resources to often neglected areas. From above you can see green pavilions filled with works in the vast desert. These divine acts laid the foundations of civilization thousands of years ago and continue to protect many nations today. Africa’s longest and most admirable rivers are here.

Zambezi River Delta

The Nile River is the longest river not only in Africa but also in the world. It flows from south to north, starting near Lake Victoria and draining into the Mediterranean Sea – passing through eleven East African countries along the way (Burundi, Tanzania, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Kenya, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, South Sudan and Egypt) and averaging 99,941 cubic feet per second. Releases water.

A good source of fertile soil for turning sand and an important trade channel, the Nile River allowed the ancient Egyptians to establish one of the first successful civilizations. Even today, 95% of Egyptians live within a stone’s throw of the country’s longest river, which still serves as the main means of transportation and is now a source of hydroelectricity (eg the Aswan High Dam). Humans are not the only ones who benefit from this aquatic lifeline. Everything from the abundant Nile crocodile to the giant papyrus plant is a preserve of the Nile.

The Congo River (also known as the River) is the second longest in Africa, the ninth longest in the world, and the deepest river in the world in terms of depth and average. Its origin may be thought to be in the highlands of the Katanga Plateau in northeastern Zambia and/or southern Democratic Republic of Congo. In any case, the river flows counterclockwise, twice equatorward, 1,454,964 cubic feet per second to the Atlantic Ocean at a port called Banana (or Banane) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Which Is The Largest River In Africa

By the way, the river’s three parts (upper, middle and lower) and its main watershed surround nine countries in West Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central African Republic, Zambia, Angola. , Cameroon, Tanzania, Gabon and Equatorial Guinea). ). It accounts for 13% of the country’s area, and at 1.3 million square kilometers, it is the second largest river in the world (after the Amazon). This amazing country has the second largest rainforest in the world (after, you guessed it, the Amazon). On the banks of the Congo are about 75 million people, comprising 150 different ethnic groups, with lifestyles ranging from the traditional Ba’aka people, hunters and gatherers, to the fast roads of Kinshasa (the capital of Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo). About 10,000 species of tropical plants, 1,000 birds, 700 species of fish and 400 species of mammals are found in the country – most of which live only in the Congo region.

File:mississippi River New Orleans 2006 A.jpg

The third longest river in Africa (fourteenth in the world) it makes a great arc in West Africa where it flows from Guinea to the Gulf of Guinea (through the oil rivers) and the main river Benue. Along the way, the Niger River also crosses Mali, Niger (near the border with Benin) and Nigeria – releasing 197,374 cubic feet of water per second. The curious shape and direction of the stream (the Niger begins at the Atlantic Ocean and flows into the Sahara desert) puzzled early explorers, but it is now believed to be the product of the confluence of two ancient rivers.

Today more than 75% of the Niger River is used for commercial transport, and Mali, Niger, and Nigeria have built dams to expand these new sources of electricity, and have fishing and water seasons from artificial lakes. . In terms of animals, the Nile crocodile and the Nile perch are not known by their proper names.

The “Great River” is the source of life for famous African animals such as elephants, buffaloes, hippos, antelopes and crocodiles, as well as for the people living in the lowlands of Zambia. , towards the Indian Ocean. (passes through parts of Angola, Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe).

As the Zambezi flows east, it collects steam and supplies electricity to many communities. Kariba Dam provides electricity to Zambia

What Direction Does The Nile River Flow?

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