Largest Non Polar Desert In The World

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Largest Non Polar Desert In The World

Largest Non Polar Desert In The World

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The Driest Place On Earth

We often think of deserts as vast expanses of sand completely devoid of life. However, as we shall see shortly, some deserts do not have sand, while others are home to many unique plant and animal species.

Since there are a variety of deserts, and deserts cover a third of the land mass of our planet, it is logical to think that they are the largest. Take your best guess and join us as we look at the 5 largest deserts in the world, by area.

Note: Some sources include several Australian deserts as the fourth largest in the world. We didn’t want to include it on this list, because it’s technically more than one dessert.

The Gobi Desert is the second largest desert in Asia and the fifth largest desert in the world. It is of historical importance because it is the site of several important cities on the ancient Silk Road, which borders China and Mongolia.

Why There’s A Giant Hand In Chile’s Atacama Desert

This desert is classified as a rain shadow desert, which means that the nearby mountain ranges prevent the rain system from reaching the area. In this case, the Tibetan Plateau prevents precipitation in the southwest that would reach the Gobi Desert. Another notable rain shadow desert is the Atacama Desert in northern Chile.

Far from being a completely uninhabited place, the Gobi Desert is home to a variety of species including the Bactrian (Mongolian) camel, black-tailed deer, Gobi ibex, Gobi bear, and even the snow leopard. While plant life is generally short, there are certain types of plants that have become particularly adept at surviving the harsh conditions of the desert. The most common plant is the saxaul tree, which can retain moisture in its bark and is found in different ecoregions in the Gobi Desert.

The Arabian Desert is the largest desert in Asia and the fourth largest desert in the world. It covers most of the Arabian Peninsula and is located in nine different countries, making it the second largest desert on this list.

Largest Non Polar Desert In The World

The Arabian Desert is classified as subtropical, which means that temperatures are consistently high and precipitation is uncommon. At its southern end is the largest unexplored sand mass in the world, known as Rub al-Khali (or Empty Quarter in English).

Largest Desert In The World

Although the Arabian desert generally represents a hostile environment for mammals, some species inhabit the area. These include the dromedary, the Arabian wolf, the sand gazelle, the Nubian ibex, the striped hyena, the lynx and the red fox. But the desert actually provides an ideal environment for reptiles such as lizards, snakes, and lizards.

Perhaps the most famous entry on this list, the Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert in the world and the third largest desert overall. The Sahara desert connects to twelve separate countries and covers most of North Africa.

Like the Arabian Desert, the Sahara is classified as subtropical and receives very little rain during any given year. However, this is not always done. The Sahara Desert actually changed between savanna and desert prairie after about 20,000 years. Until 5,000 years ago, the region was considered fertile when it received ten times more rain than it does now. This cycle is caused by a shift in the Earth’s axis affecting the location of the monsoons in North Africa and will likely see the Sahara turn green again in 15,000 years.

While camels are the most common domestic animal found in the desert, largely due to their ability to survive long periods with little water, there are many other wild animals endemic to the area. These include the desert leopard, Phoenix fox, Dorcas gazelle, Addix antelope, red-necked ostrich and African wild dog.

What Animals Live In The Sahara Desert?

As mentioned earlier, not all deserts consist of coarse grains and scorching temperatures. An example is the arctic desert, which covers the northern edge of our planet.

Polar deserts are defined by cold temperatures, lack of precipitation, and abundance of ice sheets. This proves to be another hostile environment for flora and fauna, as most of the Earth lies beneath these ice sheets. However, despite this fact, the Arctic desert is home to many species of animals such as arctic fox, arctic wolf, polar bear, caribou, snowy owl, and deer, among others. Some of these animals migrate between the more vegetated arctic tundra and the arctic desert, while others are permanent inhabitants of the desert.

In the late 19th century, many great explorers mistakenly believed that the area that covers the Arctic desert today is an open polar ocean. This theory was based on the idea that one could break through the northern ice barriers and reach the open ocean and navigators around the North Pole.

Largest Non Polar Desert In The World

While this theory has been debunked at the cost of many lost Arctic tracks, it may actually lead to a shrinking Arctic in the future. Indeed, it is likely that there will eventually be an ice-free route between Europe and the Pacific Ocean through the Arctic.

Major Deserts Of The World Upsc

The Antarctic Desert, which covers most of Antarctica, is the largest desert in the world. In fact, this single desert is larger than the Gobi Desert, the Arabian Desert, and the Sahara desert combined.

While the two arctic deserts on this list have many similarities, they can be distinguished by the stark contrast in their plant life. Unlike its northern counterpart, the Arctic Antarctic desert was thought to contain plant life until some microorganisms were discovered in the 1970s. This southern desert is also subject to very fast winds, which, combined with its dry climate, can create very salty lakes. Some examples of these hypersaline bodies of water are Lake Vanda and Don Juan Pond, each with a salinity ten times that of sea water.

Like the North Pole, Antarctica has been the site of many daring expeditions over the years. In 1911, the famous Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen defeated a British expedition led by Robert Scott and became the first man to reach the South Pole.

Another notable example was Shackleton’s expedition from 1914 to 1917, when a crew of 28 attempted to cross the entire length of Antarctica by land. However, before they can land, their plane gets stuck in the ice and the crew is pulled out on the ice floe for several months. In the end, eight of them make the epic 800-mile journey in a small open boat to an inhabited island and set out to rescue the remaining twenty.

Desert Stock Image. Image Of Desert, South, Taklamakan

Fun fact: when we saw that Shackleton’s ship was named Endurance, we decided to create a map of the world based on this epic work. Take a look at our Endurance World Map.

Dedicated to creating a new type of map that truly captures the beauty of the world. We use accurate geographic data to document countries, cities, rivers, lakes, mountains, and many other physical features. We also have historical events, ancient civilizations, and important landmarks to tell the story of the Earth. The result is a beautifully designed pin map that you can use to decorate your home, track your travels, and learn new information about our world. ©, LLC, 2022 Deserts are by definition barren land with little rainfall. But few compare to the Atacama Desert in Chile. Often referred to as the world’s driest non-polar desert, this 900-kilometer stretch of land, despite bordering the Pacific Ocean, receives an average of only 0.13 inches of precipitation annually, which is the source of water for our planet. largest body.

The dry season is caused by a combination of factors, in particular the location of the desert in the rain shadow of two mountain ranges – the Andes and the coastal Chilean mountain range. Anti-hurricane Pacific winds, which blow cool, dry air over the Atacama, are also a factor.

Largest Non Polar Desert In The World

But while it’s very effective at keeping moisture out in normal years, 2015 is no ordinary year thanks to El Nino.

Facts About Gobi Desert

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