Which Country In Africa Has The Largest Population

Which Country In Africa Has The Largest Population – A continent known for its vast size and cultural diversity, Africa covers an area of ​​nearly 13 million square kilometers and has a population of over 1.3 billion people. According to the World Population Survey, Africa has the youngest population in the world, with 41% of the population under the age of 15. There are 54 countries in Africa that show the diversity of languages, landscapes, beliefs and cultures. We have compiled a brief overview of the ten most populous countries in Africa according to the World Bank.

Nigeria, the most populous country in Africa, has more than 206 million people. Every year its population increases by almost 5.5 million people. With 2.64% of the world’s population, Nigeria is the seventh most populous country in the world.

Which Country In Africa Has The Largest Population

Which Country In Africa Has The Largest Population

Located in the East Horn of Africa, landlocked Ethiopia is the second most populous country in Africa. It supports about 112 million people with an annual growth rate of 2.6%. This culturally diverse region is home to 80 ethnic groups of diverse origins, including Cushitic and Afro-Asiatic.

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The majority of Egypt’s population of over 100 million lives in Cairo and the cities along the Nile River, with 43% of the population living in urban areas. The country’s population is 1.31% of the world population. The annual increase in the population of Egypt is 1.8 million people, the annual increase is 1.94%.

After rapid population growth in recent years, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the fourth most populous country in Africa. It is the second largest country in Africa by area and one of the fastest growing countries in the world. From 1990 to 2010, the country’s population increased from 34 million to 64 million. Currently, the population of DR Congo is almost 87 million people.

South Africa, the fifth largest country in terms of population, is home to more than 58 million people. The country is currently experiencing an annual growth rate of 1.28%, lower than the peak in 1983 when the population grew by 2.8%. South Africa accounts for 0.76% of the world’s population and is the most developed country in Africa.

Located west of the Indian Ocean in East Africa, Tanzania has about 58 million people. Their population growth has peaked at 2.98% and is expected to double in the next 24 years.

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The economy of this East African country, known for its safaris, is growing rapidly. With about 52 million Kenyans under the age of 30, Kenya is the youngest country in Africa. This country has 0.69% of the world’s population and is expected to double by 2040.

This landlocked country in East Africa is home to around 44 million people. With an annual population growth of 3.32%, Uganda is one of the fastest growing countries in the world. Its average age is 16.7 years.

Considered the largest country in Africa, Algeria has an area of ​​919,600 square meters, mostly desert. Most of the country’s population of about 43 million people live in urban areas or near water sources. At an annual population growth rate of 1.85%, the population is expected to double that in 2050.

Which Country In Africa Has The Largest Population

With a population of around 43 million people, Sudan is one of the most populous countries in Africa. This North African country borders South Sudan and Egypt. Although most of Sudan’s land is dry, there are many settlements along the river banks. Home Questions and Games History and Society Science and Technology Biography Animals and Nature Geography and Tourism Art and Culture Money Videos

Africa Map With Countries

Africa’s population is growing the fastest of any region, even though the continent’s birth and death rates are among the highest in the world. In the second half of the 20th century, total mortality declined somewhat, but infant and child mortality remained high, and life expectancy at birth declined slightly in 1990. On average, Africa’s population is increasing at about 3 percent per year, and this rate of growth is driven by growing youth: in almost all African countries, more than two-fifths of the population is under the age of 15.

The majority of the working population is still engaged in subsistence agriculture and crop cultivation. In most countries, at least three-fifths of the population depends on agriculture.

The rest of the working population is divided mainly between the fast-growing service sector (including workers, military personnel, police, teachers, medical personnel and those involved in trade and communication) and the growing number of mining and industrial projects. ; However, only a few countries employ more than 1/10 of the workforce in these latter activities. Unemployment, especially in the agricultural sector, is widespread and free More jobs, especially in the city.

Women’s labor force participation varies widely across countries. Overall, there are fewer women than men in paid work, although a large proportion of women in sub-Saharan Africa are involved in subsistence agriculture at least part of the time. Women are also employed in civil service, trade (especially in West Africa), domestic work and increasingly in light industry.

The Biggest Economies In Africa

Africa is home to more than an eighth of the world’s population, spread over an area of ​​just over a fifth of the landmass. However, desert areas such as the Sahara, Kalahari, and Namib have reduced the amount of habitable land, and factors such as climate, vegetation, and disease tend to limit the development of densely populated, agricultural areas. With the advent of the colonial era, the African continent was divided into small geographical and political units that had little ethnic distribution. These political boundaries have been preserved and the continent continues to be characterized by the least populated countries.

Large differences in density are observed between countries in Africa and within countries. In general, the most densely populated areas are located along the shores of lakes, in river basins (especially the Nile and Niger), along the coasts of West and North Africa, and in some mountainous areas, and settlements are the least. . In the desert and savannah. Thus, Rwanda and Burundi, located in the highlands of East Africa, are the most densely populated countries in Africa, while Western Sahara, Mauritania and Libya are in the Sahara, and Botswana and Namibia are in the Kalahari and Namibia.

Traditional African settlement patterns varied according to geography and ecology, communication and warfare. The most common are the dispersed village and village patterns – a gathering of united and extended families – large enough for national and internal defense cooperation, but rarely permanent due to the demands of shifting cultivation and the use of short-lived building materials. The large adobe village is a traditional home in much of the West African savannah, but in most of Africa the shelter consists of mud and rattan, with thatch or palm frond roofs.

Which Country In Africa Has The Largest Population

Large cities spread across the continent only in the 20th century. The cities built in the pre-colonial era are mainly located along the Nile Valley and the Mediterranean coast of North Africa, where many date from the classical period (eg Alexandria, Egypt) and the late 18th century (eg Fes, Morocco). as well as in the western part of the country. Africa, in the forests and savannahs, where they are the residence of the government of the kingdom. Timbuktu (Mali), Ile Ife (Nigeria), Benin City (Benin) and Mombasa (Kenya) date from the 12th century, while the Nigerian city of Kano has prehistoric origins. The other two Nigerian cities, Ibadan and Oyo, did not become major cities until the 19th century.

Solved Question 1 Study The Following Boxplots Showing

Many traditional cities differ in form, function and even demographic characteristics from many cities that were established under colonial rule as administrative, commercial or industrial centers and ports. The latter cities are located in Africa and include Johannesburg, Lusaka, Harare, Kinshasa, Lubumbashi, Nairobi, Dakar, Freetown, Abidjan and many others; Often, like Lagos or Accra, they are built in traditional cities. Usually, the focus of migration from the poor hinterland, they are ethnically diverse. Many have become the largest cities in their country, dominating the national urban hierarchy in both size and function.

Africa, largely rural, rapidly urbanized over the centuries. Although still the smallest city on the continent, Africa has one of the highest levels of urbanization. As a result, the total urban population, which was only one-seventh in 1950, increased to about one-third in 1990 and to about two-fifths in 2010. In general, the level of urbanization is highest in the north and south. , and in the west higher than in the east and nearer the shore than in the water.

Major cities include Cairo, Alexandria, and Al Jiza, Egypt; Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo; Lagos, Nigeria; Casablanca, Morocco; Johannesburg, South Africa; Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; and Algiers, Algeria. Many other large cities are coastal seaports or central trading cities linked by rail or river to the coast. Port example: Accra, Ghana; Lagos; and Cape Town, South Africa. Examples of major cities on the river are Ibadan and Ogbomosho, Nigeria; Nairobi, Kenya; and Addis Ababa.


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