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Which Ocean Is Deeper Atlantic Or Pacific
Clifford A. Barnes is a former professor emeritus of oceanography at the University of Washington in Seattle. Author of several articles on oceanography.
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Richard Howell Fleming 1951-1980 Former Professor of Oceanography and Oceanography, University of Washington, Seattle. Co-author of Oceans.
Encyclopedia Editor An encyclopedia editor oversees a subject area with years of experience working on its content and extensive knowledge gained through extensive graduate studies. Create new content and validate and edit content received from contributors.
In recent days, the massive search for a submarine that went missing while plunging into the North Atlantic to search for the remains of the Titanic has focused on the issue of who should pay for the massive search.
Experts say the Titan submarine suffered a catastrophic explosion in the extreme pressure of the deep North Atlantic waters, killing the pilot and four passengers instantly.
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A day after the Titan submarine was revealed to have exploded, authorities are scouring the beach for evidence to determine who is in charge of an international disaster investigation.
In a remote corner of the Atlantic, a rescue team races against time to find a missing submarine before five men run out of oxygen on a mission to document the wreck of the Titanic.
Covering one-fifth of the Earth’s surface, the Atlantic Ocean is about 31,568,000 square miles (81,760,000 sq km) excluding dependent seas and about 32,870,000 square miles (85,133,000 sq km) of ocean excluding dependent seas.
The average depth of the Atlantic Ocean (including the ocean) is 11,962 feet (3,646 m), and the maximum depth of the Puerto Rico Trench north of Puerto Island is 27,493 feet (8,380 m). Rico.
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A prominent feature of the Atlantic seaboard is the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a large central mountain range that runs the length of the Atlantic Ocean, occupying the central third of the seabed and extending for about 1,000 miles (1,600 km). ) width. In some places, the Mid-Atlantic Ridge rises to the surface and forms islands.
The surface waters of the North Atlantic Ocean have the highest salinity of any other ocean, reaching values of more than 37 percent between 20 and 30 north latitude. Atlantic base salinity values are highest in the North Atlantic at 35.5 parts per thousand and lowest in the South Atlantic at 34.5 parts per thousand.
The Atlantic Ocean provides millions of tons of fish and other seafood each year for human consumption, including lobster, haddock, cod, mackerel, herring, menhaden, scallops, shrimp, clams, quahogs, and mussels. .
Atlantic Ocean. Covering one-fifth of the Earth’s surface, a salt water body separates Europe and Africa in the east from the Americas in the west. The name of the sea comes from Greek mythology and means “Sea of Atlas”. It is the second largest area after the Pacific Ocean.
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In general, the Atlantic Ocean is S-shaped and narrow relative to its length. The Atlantic Ocean without the dependent sea is about 31,568,000 square miles (81,760,000 sq km), and with the dependent sea it is about 32,870,000 square miles (85,133,000 sq km). ). The Puerto Rico Trench, north of the island of Puerto Rico, has a mean depth (including ocean) of 11,962 feet (3,646 m) and a maximum depth of 27,493 feet (8,380 m).
The width of the sea varies greatly from east to west. The distance between Newfoundland and Ireland is approximately 2,060 miles (3,320 km). Further south, it widens by more than 3,000 miles (4,800 km) and narrows again, from Cape San Roque in Brazil to Cape Palmas in Liberia, only 1,770 miles (2,850 km). . To the south it widens again and is surrounded by a simple coast with few islands. Between Cape Horn and the Cape of Good Hope, the ocean approaches the Antarctic boundary at 60 degrees south latitude, and its front is about 3,200 miles (5,200 km) wide.
The Atlantic Ocean is not the largest ocean in the world, but it has the largest drainage area. The continents on either side of the Atlantic slope toward the Atlantic, thus receiving the waters of most of the world’s major rivers. These include the St. Lawrence, Mississippi, Orinoco, Amazon, Rio de la Plata, Congo, Niger, Loire, Rhine, and Elbe, as well as major rivers that flow into the Mediterranean, Black, and Baltic Seas. the ocean Unlike the South Atlantic, the North Atlantic is rich in islands, coastal diversity, and tributary waters. The latter includes the Caribbean Sea in the west, the Gulf of Mexico, the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Hudson Bay, Baffin Bay, the Baltic Sea – in the east, the North Sea, the Mediterranean Sea, and the Black Sea.
This article deals with the physical and human geography of the entire Atlantic Ocean. For an in-depth discussion of Atlantic physical and chemical oceanography and marine geology, see
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Various boundaries are used to define the northern and southern boundaries of the Atlantic Ocean. There are no universally accepted boundary rules. To the north, the situation is more complicated as the Arctic Ocean is often considered a dependent sea of the Atlantic Ocean. This is because the Arctic Basin, from the Bering Strait across the Arctic to Spitsbergen, Greenland, resembles a semi-enclosed basin (ie, a relatively large body of water surrounded by land). It is fed by river runoff and sediments. , and have broad continental basins). at a relatively low margin). However, this article will treat the Arctic Ocean as a separate entity.
Attempts to define the open ocean boundaries of the Atlantic and Arctic Oceans often rely on arbitrary latitudinal coordinates or linear transects. The two most common latitude boundaries are 65°N and the Arctic Circle (66°30’N). A less arbitrary method is to draw a line from Greenland to Iceland eastward through the Greenland-Iceland Rise, from Iceland to the Faroe Islands through the Greenland-Iceland Rise, and then northward to the Faroe Islands through relatively low lift. A more appropriate way to determine this boundary is to follow the features of the bottom of the boring plateau and the division of water masses characteristic of the Arctic and Atlantic oceans. The relatively warm and salty waters of the Norwegian Sea are allocated to Arctic and Atlantic waters. Cold, low-salinity waters in the Atlantic Ocean, from the Greenland Sea to the Arctic.
The southern boundary of the Atlantic Ocean is unclear, but the area of water south of 60 degrees south latitude that surrounds Antarctica is called the Southern Ocean. The most widely accepted boundary between the South Atlantic Ocean and the Indian Ocean is a line running from Cape Agulhas at the southern tip of Africa along the 20°E meridian south to 60°S latitude. Similarly, the boundary separating the Atlantic Ocean and the Pacific Ocean passes through the Drake Passage between Cape Horn at the tip of South America and the tip of the Antarctic Peninsula.
A prominent feature of the Atlantic landmass is the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, a large central ridge that runs the length of the Atlantic, occupies the middle third of the ocean floor, and reaches a length of about 1,000 miles (1,600 km). width The shape of this land, despite its great size, is only the Atlantic part of the sea level that surrounds the world.
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In some places, the Mid-Atlantic Ridge rises to the surface and forms islands. Iceland rises from its summit through the extension of the Central Rift Valley. To the east and west of the ridge, about 12,000 to 18,000 feet (3,700 to 5,500 m) below sea level, are basins that appear to show relatively flat contours, although similar parts of the basin land. the mountains Other parts are very smooth. The first is a deep cliff. The latter is a deep plain, which forms the upper surface of great mud-pools, and is full of wide depressions. Large ancient volcanoes exist singly or in rows in the basin. They rise and become seamounts and sometimes islands.
As the continents converge and leave the Mid-Atlantic Ridge Wiki, the Abyssal Plain appears first, followed by the smooth, undulating surface of the continental rise. These vast dikes are located on the continental floor, at depths of about 8,000 to 15,000 feet (2,400 to 4,500 m), and are more than 300 miles across.
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