What Are Some Causes Of Water Pollution – Water pollution Pollutes water bodies such as oceans, seas, lakes, rivers, groundwater and toxic reservoirs. It is the most common type of pollution after air pollution.
In general, water pollution can occur from both point and point sources. If pollution occurs from a single source, this is called spot pollution. Sewage disposal is an example of such pollution. In contrast, non-polluting sources, such as agricultural runoff, come from diffusion sources.
What Are Some Causes Of Water Pollution
It is the most common type of water pollution. Industrial chemicals enter surface water and penetrate groundwater. Causes infection
Causes Of Water Pollution With Ground Contamination Risks Outline Diagram Set. Labeled Educational Collection With Issues And Reasons For Dirty Underwater Environmental Damage Vector Illustration. Stock Vector
Surface water refers to all surfaces on the earth, such as oceans, seas, lakes and ponds, when harmful chemicals contaminate and contaminate these water sources. Causes water pollution on land
It occurs naturally during floods or tsunamis that absorb toxins such as fertilizers, pesticides and debris. Sometimes it happens by accident due to oil spills or runoff from agriculture. And some of it is intentionally caused by human activities.
Agricultural wastewater is a major source of groundwater pollution. Fertilizers and plant protection products from plantations penetrate into the basement. Groundwater pollution
Groundwater is also contaminated when landfills and drainage systems enter the ground. Deteriorating water quality, which is often extracted for drinking from wells or wells.
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Particles or suspended solids enter the water when plastics, rubber and other artificial objects are improperly thrown into the water. Suspended particles have settled to the bottom or remain on the surface.
When suspended particles break down into smaller particles, these particles release toxic chemicals. Which prevents oxygen and sunlight from entering the water source.
Accidental oil spills during transport, spills and disposals have a significant impact on life in one liter of oil, polluting one million liters of water.
As the oil enters the water, it spreads rapidly to the surface. Acting like a blanket, it prevents sunlight and oxygen from reaching the plants, so the plants can not photosynthesize. And animals feel suffocated due to lack of oxygen. The spill also covered the sea creatures’ feathers, making them unable to fly.
How Do Chemicals Cause Water Pollution
Heat also acts as a source of water pollution as it reduces the ability of water to store oxygen. (Dissolved oxygen) As the temperature increases, the water’s ability to retain oxygen decreases. Heat pollution also makes the worms and eggs of river fish unusable. And increase their metabolism.
Microbial or microbial contamination occurs due to the predominance of microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses and progesterone that cause waterborne diseases such as cholera and dysentery.
This type of water pollution occurs when untreated water from industrial and agricultural households flows into nearby waters. This makes it suitable for the growth and survival of microorganisms. Humans are the most vulnerable to this type of pollution.
Excess water supply of nutrients causes an imbalance in the aquatic ecosystem. (Nutrient pollution) that causes algae eutrophication that cuts off oxygen and sunlight sources for all plants and animals in the body of water. Chemical leaks from agriculture and industry are major sources of nutrient pollution. Water supply.
Solutions To Combat Water Pollution
Loss of oxygen in water bodies kills aerobic organisms. In contrast, anaerobic animals thrive in such an environment, producing ammonia sulfate and other harmful toxins. This can make the water unsuitable for animals in normal water to survive.
Pollution affects both humans and aquatic life. Some common and negative effects of water pollution include:
According to the World Health Organization (WHO), in 2019, nearly 785 million people do not have access to safe drinking water.
Water pollution is a major cause of human disease. The WHO records nearly 120,000 cholera-related deaths each year. In addition, after the Fuku tragedy, the prevalence of thyroid cancer among infants at risk increased by nearly 70% Shima. Of people.
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Polluted water affects plants and animals in the water the most. When water pollution causes algae flowering, it creates a dead spot. Deprivation of oxygen to living organisms, causing death, chemicals and heavy metal pollution, reduces the ability of aquatic animals to Reproduction. So close to extinction
Based on information provided by the Center for Biodiversity. The 2010 oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico killed more than 82,000 birds, 25,900 marine animals, 6,165 sea turtles and a large number of fish.
Introduction and biological expansion of pollutants at different levels of the food chain leads to toxicity and death of organisms at different trophic levels. Elimination causes hypertrophy of the organism of the previous trophic level and eliminates them in the following groups.
With water pollution, therefore, the lack of clean water has become a big problem. In this case, the dirty water is treated. Clean and suitable for drinking, it increases the cost of living.
Causes Of Water Pollution Interactive Worksheet
Waterborne diseases can also spread rapidly. Outbreaks appear to be exacerbated during pregnancy and in children. We use it to quench thirst, energize the body and wash dishes and other household items. Without water we would die.
Last year, the population began to increase and water sources became polluted. Water pollution occurs when large bodies of water, such as groundwater, oceans, rivers and lakes, are polluted by harmful chemicals and bacteria. This is because the waste is thrown directly into the water.
In fact, water pollution is one of the biggest crises the world is facing today. And it affects millions of people who do not have access to clean water. The government spends a lot of time and effort focusing on water pollution and its impact on population protection.
We need water to live and do it. And we need to take more steps to conserve current resources.
Causes Of Water Pollution In Nigerian Communities
Therefore, in this article we will discuss the causes and effects of water pollution and what can be done immediately.
Over the years, we have seen an influx of people into the city. People started building houses, roads and big industries. Physical contact occurred. And the factory has started dumping chemical waste into water sources.
Large factories dump waste into the water. Which is one of the main causes of ocean pollution
On the other hand, ordinary people also pollute water. Not just big factories, everyone is guilty of injecting chemicals or soap powder down the drain or toilet. This toxin can enter sewers from highways.
My Views On Water Pollution
Street water is usually covered with toxic chemicals, such as oil spills. Chemical additives, brake fluid and exhaust gas When it rains, these chemicals are washed into drains and rivers.
So the fish school can die overnight. According to the study, the annual traffic flow is equivalent to a truck spill. Some street water flows into the sewers. And groundwater pollution or soil accumulation near roads. As a result, it is becoming more toxic every year.
Nowadays, due to the growing population of the world, waste disposal has become a major problem. Improper disposal can lead to various diseases. Combined with water that can kill children and adults.
The garbage problem is not easy to end. As long as you flush the toilet, the waste has to go somewhere. And even though it comes out of the sewer system, the waste is still disposed of, so the wastewater is dumped into the sea.
Diseases Caused By Water Pollution
Theoretically, wastewater contains natural substances that are easily degraded in the environment, 90% of wastewater is water, but in practice wastewater contains all the other chemicals such as paper, plastic and pharmaceutical products that flush down the toilet.
In addition, when a person is sick, he carries the virus with him. So the wastewater they produce contains these germs and spreads in the sea. Today, typhoid, hepatitis and cholera can be caught in oceans and rivers.
Farmers are also using increasingly harmful fertilizers to produce and meet the needs of a growing population. The result is algae jumping into the water. As the level of oxygen in the water rises, it can also cause the extinction of underwater plants and fish.
Laundry detergent is a chemical that is dumped into the ocean. Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), on the other hand, are highly toxic. And now traces of these substances are entering the environment.
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Lead is used in gasoline or gasoline. But in some provinces it is restricted while cadmium and mercury are still used in batteries. Recently, a chemical called tributyltin (TBT) has also been found in damaged water supplies.
In 1938, a Japanese plant released large amounts of mercury into the Gulf of Minamata. This heavy metal.
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