What Is The Largest River In China – The Yellow River or Yellow River (Chinese: 黄河, Mandarin: Huáng hé [xwǎŋ xɤ̌] (list)) is the second longest river in China,
The sixth longest river system in the world, after the Yangtze River, at 5,464 kilometers (3,395 miles).
What Is The Largest River In China
It flows through nine provinces and finally empties into the Bohai Sea near Dongying City in Shandong Province in the Bayan Har Mountains of Qinghai Province in western China. The Yellow River Basin extends approximately 1,900 kilometers (1,180 miles) from east to west and 1,100 kilometers (680 miles) from north to south. Its total drainage area is approximately 795,000 km2 (307,000 sq mi).
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In China’s early history, this was a fertile area. The river bed keeps rising, sometimes higher than surrounding farmland, causing catastrophic flooding.
Early Chinese texts from the Warring States Period (475-221 BC), including the Yugong or Yugong, refer to the Yellow River simply as “He” (Old Chinese: *C.gˤaj,
Modern Beijing Mandarin: /xɤ̌/ or pinyin heel), the word “river” in modern usage. Yellow River (Eastern Han Chinese: *ɣuaŋ-gɑi;
The adjective “yellow” describes the perennial color of the muddy water at the bottom of the river, which results from the transport of silt (loess) below.
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Because the river is clear before reaching the Loess Plateau, but the Mongolian name for the liver of the river is Tatangol (Хатан гол, “Q River”).
The river is called “Grey River” (Old Turkic: yašïl ügüz, 𐰖𐱁𐰞𐰽𐰺𐰍) on the Kurti gold stele.
Ma Yuan (1160-1225, Song Dynasty) the Yellow River stopped flowing. The flooding of the river killed millions of people.
The river has long been vital to the development of northern China and is considered by scholars to be the cradle of civilization. River flooding took a toll, with multiple floods killing more than a million people. The 1332-33 flood in the Yuan Dynasty, the 1887 flood in the Qing Dynasty killed 900,000 to 2 million people, and the 1931 Republican flood (part of the Great Flood Year) killed 1 to 4 million people.
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The flood is caused by the continuous deposition of a large amount of fine loess that the river flows down from the Loess Plateau. Sedimentation causes the slow construction of natural dams. These underwater dams are unpredictable and often go undetected. In the end, the Omos body of water must find a new route to the sea, forcing it to take the path of least resistance. Its function is to sweep across the flat North China Plain, sometimes opening up new waterways, flooding most of the farmland and towns along the way.
The traditional Chinese response has been to build higher and higher dikes along river banks, sometimes causing extreme flooding: when floodwaters overflow the dikes, they cannot return to the riverbed after normal flooding. The river bed is sometimes higher than the surrounding countryside. These changes can cause the estuary to move up to 480 kilometers (300 miles), sometimes reaching the ocean north of the Shandong peninsula and sometimes to the south.
Another source of catastrophic floods in history was the collapse of an ice dam in the upper reaches of Inner Mongolia, which suddenly released a large amount of water. There have been 11 such catastrophic floods in the last century, each causing enormous loss of life and property. Today, explosives dropped from airplanes are used to blow ice dams apart before they become dangerous.
Before modern dams appeared in China, the Yellow River used to overflow. In the 2,540 years from 595 BC to 1946 AD, the Yellow River experienced an estimated 1,593 floods, 26 significant diversions, and 9 substantial diversions.
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These floods are among the deadliest natural disasters on record. Before the advent of modern disaster management systems, some people would drown before a flood, and many would suffer the ensuing famine and spread of disease.
In Chinese mythology, the giant Kuafu chased the sun and drained the Yellow and Wei rivers to quench his thirst.
This shows that the Yellow River was flowing northward at that time. These records show that after crossing Luoyang, the river flowed along the borders of Shaanxi, Han Province, Hebei, and Shandong into the former Bohai Bay near Tianjin. Another exit basically followed Pester’s route.
Destroying ditches, canals, and reservoirs to deliberately submerge enemy states became a common military tactic during the Warring States period.
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Since the Yellow River Basin is the main traffic route from the North China Plain to the Guanzhong area and Qin State, Qin State rebuilt Hangu Pass; it has experienced many battles here, and it is an important throat to defend Chang’an and Luoyang, the capitals of Han Dynasty. A major flood in AD 11 brought the downfall of the short-lived Xin Dynasty, and another flood in AD 70 restored the normal course of the rivers in northeastern Shandong.
Pan Jisen’s “Review of River Maintenance”, “Jiku Quanshu Edition Xizhou Huaihuang River” and Ming Xuling. By the Qing version, both were submerged by floods in the 1680s.
At the beginning of the 3rd century AD, the importance of Hangu Pass declined, and the main fortress and military base moved upstream to Tongguan. In 923 AD, a dismayed Liangjie La Duanning burst again, flooding 1,000 square miles (2,600 square kilometers).
) later tried unsuccessfully to protect his imperial capital from the Tang dynasty. A similar proposal by Songjinil Lichun to flood the lower reaches of the river to protect the Kezhar Plain from the Chitas was rejected in 1020: the Treaty of Chanyuan between the two countries expressly prohibited Build new ditches or change banks. .
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Any breach has occurred: in 1034, a channel at Helong divided into three parts and flooded the northern regions of Dezhou and Bozhou several times.
It took the Song Dynasty five years to restore the previous route within a year – more than 35,000 workers, more than 100,000 soldiers and 220,000 tons of wood and bamboo.
– before abandoning the project in 1041. In 1048, the slower-flowing river burst through Shanghu, its main estuary north of Tianjin.
In 1128, Du Chong, the governor of Kaifeng, led the Song army to break through the dam on the south bank of the Yellow River in an attempt to prevent the Jin army from advancing. The resulting tearing of the main river led to the occupation of the Si River and other tributaries of the Huanghuai River.
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In recorded history, the Yellow River moved southward to the Shandong Peninsula and flowed into the Yellow Sea for the first time. By 1194, White had been silenced.
Later, after the Yellow River was diverted, the Huaihe River no longer flowed along its original course, but its reservoir flowed into Hongze Lake and flowed south into the Yangtze River.
A flood in 1344 caused the Yellow River to recede south of Shandong. The Yuan Dynasty fell, and the emperor forced people to build new dams on the Ormos River. Dire conditions fueled the rebellion that led to the establishment of the Ming Dynasty.
In 1391, the river flowed from Kaifu to Phgang in Anhui, and the river course changed again. After the 1494 flood, the eunuch Li Qing finally stabilized it in a public works project.
The Yellow River In China Editorial Stock Photo. Image Of Cradle
The river flooded several times during the 16th century, including in 1526, 1534, 1558 and 1587. Every flood affects the bottom of the river.
The 1642 flood was man-made when the Ming governor of Kaifeng tried to use the river to wipe out a peasant rebel army led by Li Qike, who had besieged the city for the past six months.
He ordered the breach of the levees in an attempt to drown the rebels, but instead destroyed his own city: floods, famine, and plague killed some 300,000 of the city’s original population of 378,000.
How to actively control the flood and restore it to its original channel was a contentious issue in the imperial court. Rival factions argue based on budgetary, technological, and strategic criteria. Geologist Charles Greer identified two competing schools of thought on how to manage the Yellow River. Described as Confucian, advocates embracing great rivers
Yangtze River, Hubei, China. 19th Aug 2020. Aerial Photo Taken On Aug. 19, 2020 Shows Water Gushing Out From The Three Gorges Dam In Central China’s Hubei Province. China’s Ministry Of Water
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