Which Is The Largest Religion In India – About 8.6% of India’s population is made up of traditional tribal communities (Scheduled Tribes, ST). Although most members of these tribes have adopted variants of Hinduism, Islam, or Christianity, a significant number follow their traditional tribal religions with varying degrees of syncretism.
According to css of India 2011, about 7.9 million of India’s 1.21 billion people do not belong to any of the subcontinent’s major religious communities – Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism, Buddhism or Jainism. Kouzes listed Atheists, Zoroastrians, Jews, and various specific and unspecified tribal religions under the separate heading “Other Religions and Beliefs”.
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The largest number of these religious groups are: Sarna (4.9 million respondents), Gondi (1 million), Sari-dharma (506 thousand), Doni Poloism (331 thousand); All other religions have less than 100,000 respondents, including Sanamahi (222,000) and Khasi (139,000), 18,000 “tribal religions”, 5,600 “natural religions” and 4,100 “animists”.
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Tribal people have their own rituals that do not directly contradict any religion, and they sing according to their tribal customs. They have their own way of life in order to maintain all privileges in matters of marriage and inheritance in accordance with their traditional tribal religion.
In keeping with the nature of Indian religion in general, these particular religions often include traditions of ancestor worship or the worship of spirits with natural qualities.
The Santal religion of Jharkhand, West Bengal, Odisha and neighboring regions is the largest and best known tribal religion in India. The Santals and other Indian tribes have practiced, protected and propagated their traditional tribal religions since time immemorial. They have their own gods and goddesses and separate places of worship, which is completely different from other Indo-Aryan religions. The gods and goddesses of the Santals and other tribes do not belong to the Hindu pantheon, nor to any other Indo-Aryan pantheon. Saridharam is the only religion of the Santal tribe. And the Sarna religion is the religion of the Munda and Oran tribes in India.
Santal and Munda belong to the Austrian language family. Tribal communities such as Gond, Bhil, Oran and Mina belong to the Dravidian language family. Tribal communities such as the Butia, Lepcha and other tribes living in the northeastern states belong to the Sino-Tibetan/Tibeto-Burmese language family. People belonging to the Indo-Aryan language family arrived in the Indian subcontinent about 4,000 years ago. Among the Mundas and Orans of Bihar, about 25% of the population is Christian. About 60% (about 130,000) of the Kharia population in Bihar are Christians. The Himalayan tribal groups that followed the Boni religion were influenced by both Hinduism and Buddhism in the late 20th century. The small groups of hunter-gatherers in the union territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands were subjected to intense cultural assimilation pressures.
Nd Largest Religion By State In India
According to the Indian legal system, all indigenous or native religions of India as a whole fall under Hinduism as the Constitution does not classify the Vedic religions as colloquial Hinduism. The word “Hinduism” comes from the Persian language meaning “Indian” (or Indian), so the official term “Hinduism” generally refers to all the indigenous cultures of the Indian subcontinent. The Hindu Marriage Act 1955 “defines a Hindu as anyone who is not a Christian, Muslim or Jew”. Politics and Politics International Relations Immigration and Migration Race and Ethnicity Religion Age and Generations Gender and LGBTQ Family and Relationships Research Economics, Work and Technology New Media Internet
As with most countries, India’s population density varies greatly. The most populous state in the 2011 census, Uttar Pradesh, had about 200 million people (20 million), while the southern archipelago of Lakshadweep had less than 100,000 people (100,000 in Indian numerals). The followers of religious groups are unevenly distributed throughout the country.
India uses a different numbering system than the international numbering system. In this report, figures in parentheses are given for the international system and for the Indian system. The Indian numeral system uses units such as lakhs and crores and places commas at different intervals than in the international system. Some examples of equality:
As a result, religious groups live in very different local conditions that are not apparent in the above national patterns. In some cases, several million (tens of lakhs) members of a particular group live as a religious minority in a very large state. And in other countries, for example in some small states of India, a small number of supporters make up an overwhelming majority.
Key Findings About Religion In India
According to the 2011 census, Hindus were in the majority in 28 of India’s 35 states and union territories, including all of the country’s most populous states: Uttar Pradesh (total population 200 million or 20 million), Maharashtra (112 million or 11.2 million). ), Bihar (104 million or 10.4 million) and West Bengal (91 million or 9.1 million).
Muslims are the majority in the small tropical archipelago of Lakshadweep (total population of 60,000) and Jammu and Kashmir (13 million or 130 lakh), bordering Pakistan. Jammu and Kashmir was separated from India and Pakistan as a separate state during partition, but in 2019 its semi-autonomous status was lifted and it was reorganized into a region directly administered by India. According to the 2011 census, Jammu and Kashmir has an estimated 8.6 million (86 lakh) Muslim population, making it the seventh largest Muslim state in India.
Sparsely populated Nagaland (total population 2 million or 20 lakh), Mizoram (1 million or 10 lakh) and Meghalaya (3 million or 30 lakh) in India’s fertile mountain ranges have Christian majorities. To the northeast. None of these states has fewer Christians as religious minorities than Kerala (33 million or 3.3 million) and Tamil Nadu (72 million or 7.2 million).
Sikhs are the largest group in Punjab (total population 28 million or 2.8 million), the only state with a predominantly religious group other than Hindus, Muslims or Christians. The populations of two states, Arunachal Pradesh (1.4 million or 14,000 people) and Manipur (3 million or 30,000,000 people), are religiously diverse, with a significant proportion of many religious groups and none approaching a majority. For example, in Arunachal Pradesh, 39% of the population belongs to the category of “other” minor religions, with many people self-identifying as dhoni polo. Meanwhile, in the state of Sikkim, bordering Tibet, Buddhists account for 27%.
Hinduism Third Largest Religion Of World; India Home To Most Religions’ Fwire News , Firstpost
While the population proportions discussed in this chapter are consistent with India’s last census in 2011, most states are generally large enough to expect a decline of less than 50% within a decade.
In terms of total population, Hindus (159 million or 15.9 million) and Muslims (38 million or 3.8 million) live in Uttar Pradesh, accounting for 16% and 22% of India’s Hindus and Muslims respectively. . The largest number of Christians live in Kerala (6 million or 60 lakhs, which is about 22% of the country’s Christians). The majority of Sikhs live in Punjab (16 million or 1.6 million – 77% of Sikhs in India).
Buddhists are most commonly found in Maharashtra (6.5 million or 65 lakhs) on the west coast of India, accounting for 77% of India’s Buddhist population. India’s second most populous state, Maharashtra, which includes India’s largest city, Mumbai, has the largest number of Jains (1.4 million or 14 lakhs – 31% of India’s Jains).
While the bulk of this report focuses on changes in religious composition at the state level since the first post-independence census in 1951, this section focuses on developments in the states between 2001 and 2011. Between censuses.
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India’s internal borders in its 35 states and union territories have remained largely stable during this decade, allowing us to observe changes in the relative size of religious groups at the state level. Prior to 2001, state and territory boundaries changed frequently, making it difficult to compare censuses. (See the previous sidebar for more on the changing geography of India.)
Overall, there was relatively little change in the religious composition of the states between 2001 and 2011, especially in states with large populations, while populations increased in almost all states. Across states, the share of religious groups rarely increased or decreased by more than 3 percentage points, and in most cases did not change by more than 1%.
This is especially true for Hindus, whose share of the state’s population as a whole remained stable or declined slightly between 2001 and 2011. For example, the percentage of Hindus in the state of Uttar Pradesh declined by 0.9 percent over the decade, and in 2011 the proportion of Hindus declined. In Maharashtra, there was a drop of 0.5 points. The exception to this pattern was Punjab, where the proportion of Hindus rose by 1.6 percentage points.
Between 2001 and 2011, Muslims generally maintained or slightly increased their population in the states. For example, the proportion of Muslims in the population of West Bengal increased by 1.8 percentage points, while the Muslim majority in Jammu and Kashmir increased by 1.3 points. This is the only country where the number of Muslims has decreased.
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